Weather & Climate
Situated within the subtropical zone of the Mediterranean, the Tunisian climate is a mixture of that of the Mediterranean and of Africa. In the south, regions have just two seasons – a long, hot summer followed by a brief season of rain – whilst the rest of the country has a spring and autumn (although these seasons are considerably shorter than those experienced in Europe).
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The climate of northern Tunisia is typically Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and mild winters. Temperatures in July and August can reach a sweltering 35°C+, with up to 12 hours of sunshine every day.
TUNIS & AROUND
Positioned in the north of the country, Tunis and its immediate surroundings has weather conditions broadly similar to the rest of the Mediterranean, with an average of 10 hours of sunshine in June when temperatures can reach 29°C.
HAMMAMET & CAP BON PENINSULA
Both geographically and meteorologically close to Tunis, Hammamet and the Cap Bon Peninsula enjoy similar average hours of sunshine and temperatures around the year.
Closer to southern Tunisia than the northern regions of the country in terms of its weather, summer temperatures in Central Tunisia can reach 36°C and the sun can shine for 10 hours a day.
The Sahel enjoys up to 11 hours of sunshine in the mid-summer months, and despite the cooling effect of the sea breezes, temperatures in June can hit 31°C.
Off Tunisia’s east coast and close to Sfax, visitors to the Kerkennah Islands can look forward to dry, hot summers where the average daily temperature often climbs to 31°C, and, even in winter, around 7 hours of sunshine occur every day.
GABES & MATMATA
Moving south to Gabes and Matmata means moving closer toward the African climate, however being nearer to the sea than the desert means summer temperatures rarely go beyond 31°C, dropping no lower than around 8°C in the depths of winter.
DJERBA & THE MEDENINE AREA
With average daytime temperatures between 23°C and 32°C at the height of June, 20°C to 28°C in October, the summers last considerably longer in Djerba and the Medenine than in the regions of northern Tunisia.
Relentlessly hot and dry, the climate of the Jerid is typical of southern Tunisia, with little or no rainfall even in the short ‘wet’ season, 8 and 11 hours of sunshine every day of the year.
Southern Tunisia is even hotter than other regions of Tunisia, with temperatures reaching 45°C on occasions. Even during the winter there are approximately 5 – 6 hours of sunshine a day and temperatures range between 8 and 20°C.
The desert region will always be a few degrees warmer. In terms of annual rainfall, it ranges from 1000mm in the north down to 150mm in the south, although some areas of the Sahara go for years without rain.